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Where did you go to school? Private-public differences in schooling trajectories and their role of earnings

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The private provision of educational services has been representing an increasing fraction of the Peruvian schooling system, especially in recent last decades. While there have been many claims about the differences in quality between private and public schools, there is no complete assessment of the different impacts of these two type of providers on the labor markets. This paper is an attempt to provide such a comprehensive overview. We explore private-public differences in the individual returns to education in Urban Peru. Exploiting a rich pair of data sets (ENNIV 1997 and 2000) that include questions on type of education (public vs. private) for each educational level (primary, secondary, technical tertiary and university tertiary) to a representative sample of adults we are able to measure the differences in labor earnings for all possible educational trajectories. The results indicate higher returns to education for those who attended private schools than those who attended the public system. Nonetheless, these higher returns also show higher dispersion, reflecting wider quality heterogeneity within the private system. The private-public differences in returns are more pronounced at the secondary than at any other educational level. On the other hand, the private-public differences in returns from technical education are almost non- existent. A cohort approach paired with a rollingwindows technique allows us to capture generational evolutions of the private-public differences. The results indicate that these differences have been increasing during the last two decades.
Fecha de publicacion 2007
Tipo de recurso
Tipo de documento
Fuente Well-being and Social Policy; vol. 3, no. 1, 2007
Fecha de emision de registro 2017-02-21 19:20:05
Fecha de creacion 2017-02-21 19:20:24
Ultima modificacion 2018-02-13 21:20:02